Die GГ¤rtnerin Von Versailles Wiki Die Gärtnerin von Versailles
Die Gärtnerin von Versailles (Originaltitel: A Little Chaos) ist ein britischer Historienfilm des Regisseurs Alan Rickman aus dem Jahr Die Gärtnerin von Versailles. (OT: A Little Chaos.) Historienfilm, Großbritannien, , Min., Buch und Regie: Alan Rickman, Produktion: Lionsgate, BBC. Die Gärtnerin von Versailles ist ein britischer Historienfilm von Alan Rickman aus dem Jahr Die unkonventionelle Landschaftsgärtnerin Sabine De Barra (Kate Winslet) erhält vom obersten Gartenarchitekten des Königs André Le Nôtre (Matthias. Sensen und Sinnlichkeit: Nach 20 Jahren sind Kate Winslet und Alan Rickman erstmals wieder gemeinsam in einem Film zu sehen. Der ist.
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He and the Prince are lovers. Their relationship is very close. Whenever Philippe is not with his wife, he'll be with Chevalier de Lorraine.
Though they tend to do a lot of romancing, whenever the prince takes his foreplay too far, de Lorraine loses his satisfaction and his mood for bedroom games.
Anytime Philippe is with someone else, his wife or another man or woman, the Chevalier is known to express jealousy. Their relationship can also seem dramatic, with Chevalier willing to shoot himself in the mouth and their numerous fights due to jealousy.
They don't have much of a relationship. They however have an agreement that even though she is married to the Chevaliers lover, she could not 'love' Philippe without permission from de Lorraine.
The Chevalier's first romantic bond with a female. In the past, he mostly consorted with men. He was determined to make the Duchesse d'Angers his new lover, and prove he's not just a lover of men.
Delphine is a strict protestant and sees King Louis's action against her faith as an act of persecution and prejudice.
The Chevalier always sought to appease her by addressing the matters with the King. Fandom may earn an affiliate commission on sales made from links on this page.
Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Chevalier de Lorraine. Contents [ show ]. Categories :. The main floor above the ground floor of the new palace contained two symmetrical sets of apartments, one for the king and the other for the queen, looking over the gardens.
The two apartments were separated by a marble terrace, overlooking the garden, with a fountain in the center. Each set of apartments was connected to the ground floor with a ceremonial stairway, and each had seven rooms, aligned in a row; a vestibule, a room for the guards, an antechamber, chamber, a large cabinet or office; a smaller bedroom, and a smaller cabinet.
On the ground floor under the King's apartment was another apartment, the same size, designed for his private life, and decorated on the theme of Apollo, the Sun god, his personal emblem.
Under the Queen's apartment was the apartment of the Grand Dauphin, the heir to the throne. The interior decoration was assigned to Charles Le Brun.
Le Brun supervised the work of a large group of sculptors and painters, called the Petite Academie , who crafted and painted the ornate walls and ceilings.
Le Brun also supervised the design and installation of countless statues in the gardens. In , Le Vau added a new pavilion northwest of the chateau, called the Trianon , for the King's relaxation in the hot summers.
It was surrounded by flowerbeds and decorated entirely with blue and white porcelain , in imitation of the Chinese style.
The King increasingly spent his days in Versailles, and the government, court, and courtiers, numbering six to seven thousand persons, crowded into the buildings.
The King ordered a further enlargement, which he entrusted to the young architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart.
Hadouin-Mansart added two large new wings on either side of the original Cour Royale Royal Courtyard. He also replaced Le Vau's large terrace, facing the garden on the west, with what became the most famous room of the palace, the Hall of Mirrors.
The King wished a quiet place to relax away from the ceremony of the Court. In Louis XIV was able to proclaim Versailles his principal residence and the seat of the government and was able to give rooms in the palace to almost all of his courtiers.
After the death of Maria Theresa of Spain in , Louis XIV undertook the enlargement and remodeling of the royal apartments in the original part of the palace, within the former hunting lodge built by his father.
He instructed Mansart to begin the construction of the Royal Chapel of Versailles , which towered over the rest of the palace. Hardouin-Mansart died in and so the chapel was completed by his assistant Robert de Cotte in In , when the King came of age, he moved his residence and the government back to Versailles, where it remained until the French Revolution in His main contributions were the construction of the Salon of Hercules , which connected the main building of the Palace with the north wing and the chapel —36 ; and the royal opera theater, designed by Ange-Jacques Gabriel , and built between and He also made numerous additions and changes to the royal apartments, where he, the Queen, his daughters, and his heir lived.
He discreetly provided accommodations in another part of the palace for his famous mistresses, Madame de Pompadour and later Madame du Barry.
The extension of the King's petit appartement necessitated the demolition of the Ambassador's Staircase, one of the most admired features of Louis XIV's palace, which left the Palace without a grand staircase entrance.
The new wing was completed in Louis XVI was constrained by the worsening financial situation of the kingdom from making major changes to the palace, so that he primarily focused on improvements to the royal apartments.
She also totally transformed the arboretum planted during the reign of Louis XV into what became known as the Hameau de la Reine. This was a picturesque collection of buildings modeled after a rural French hamlet, where the Queen and her courtiers could play at being peasants.
In , the Palace was the site of the signing of three treaties of the Peace of Paris , in which the United Kingdom recognized the independence of the United States.
The King and Queen learned of the storming of the Bastille in Paris on July 14, , while they were at the Palace, and remained isolated there as the Revolution in Paris spread.
A crowd of several thousand men and women, protesting the high price and scarcity of bread, marched from the markets of Paris to Versailles.
They took weapons from the city armory, besieged the Palace, and compelled the King and Royal family and the members of the National Assembly to return with them to Paris the following day.
As soon as the royal family departed, the Palace was closed, awaiting their return—but in fact, the monarchy would never again return to Versailles.
In , the Convention , the new revolutionary government, ordered the transfer of all the paintings and sculptures from the Palace to the Louvre.
In , the Convention declared the abolition of the monarchy, and ordered all of the royal property in the Palace to be sold at auction.
The auction took place between 25 August and 11 August The furnishings and art of the Palace, including the furniture, mirrors, baths and kitchen equipment, were sold in seventeen thousand lots.
All fleurs-de-lys and royal emblems on the buildings were chambered or chiseled off. The empty buildings were turned into a storehouse for furnishings, art and libraries confiscated from the nobility.
The empty grand apartments were opened for tours beginning in , and a small museum of French paintings and art school was opened in some of the empty rooms.
When Napoleon Bonaparte became Emperor of the French in , he considered making Versailles his residence, but abandoned the idea because of the cost of the renovation.
Prior to his marriage with Marie-Louise in , he had the Grand Trianon restored and refurnished as a springtime residence for himself and his family, in the style of furnishing that it is seen today.
He ordered the restoration of the royal apartments, but the task and cost was too great. Neither he nor his successor Charles X lived at Versailles.
The French Revolution of brought a new monarch, Louis-Philippe to power, and a new ambition for Versailles. He did not reside at Versailles, but began the creation of the Museum of the History of France, dedicated to "all the glories of France", located in the south wing of the Palace, which had been used to house some members of the royal family.
The museum was begun in and inaugurated on 30 June Its most famous room is the Galerie des Batailles Hall of Battles , which lies on most of the length of the second floor.
One of the most lavish was the banquet that he hosted for Queen Victoria in the Royal Opera of Versailles on August 25, During the Franco-Prussian War of , the Palace was occupied by the general staff of the victorious German Army.
Parts of the chateau, including the Gallery of Mirrors, were turned into a military hospital. The creation of the German Empire , combining Prussia and the surrounding German states under William I , was formally proclaimed in the Hall of Mirrors on January 18, The Germans remained in the Palace until the signing of the armistice in March In that month, the government of the new Third French Republic , which had departed Paris during the War for Tours and then Bordeaux, moved into the Palace.
The National Assembly held its meetings in the Opera House. The uprising of the Paris Commune in March, , prevented the French government, under Adolphe Thiers , from returning immediately to Paris.
The military operation which suppressed the Commune at the end of May was directed from Versailles, and the prisoners of the Commune were marched there and put on trial in military courts.
In a second parliamentary body, the French Senate , was created, and held its meetings for the election of a President of the Republic in a new hall created in in the south wing of the Palace.
The French Senate continues to meet in the Palace on special occasions, such as the amendment of the French Constitution.
The end of the 19th and the early 20th century saw the beginning of restoration efforts at the Palace, first led by Pierre de Nolhac , poet and scholar and the first conservator, who began his work in The conservation and restoration was interrupted by two world wars, but has continued until the present day.
Between and , the American philanthropist and multi-millionaire John D. In , parts of the Palace were heavily damaged in a bombing committed by Breton terrorists.
Among the early projects was the repair of the roof over the Hall of Mirrors; the publicity campaign brought international attention to the plight of post-war Versailles and garnered much foreign money including a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.
When these results and the high quality achieved were brought to the attention of the French Minister of Culture, he revived 18th-century weaving techniques so as to reproduce the silks used in the decoration of Versailles.
While the design used for the chambre du roi was, in fact, from the original design to decorate the chambre de la reine , it nevertheless represents a great achievement in the ongoing restoration at Versailles.
Additionally, this project, which took over seven years to achieve,has required several hundred kilograms of silver and gold to complete.
One part of the initiative, the restoration of the Hall of Mirrors , was completed in The Palace of Versailles is owned by the French state.
Its formal title is the Public Establishment of the Palace, Museum and National Estate of Versailles Since , it has been run as a Public Establishment, with an independent administration and management supervised by the French Ministry of Culture.
Plan of the main floor c. The facade facing the garden, with the royal apartments and the Gallery of Mirrors between them [ citation needed ].
The Palace of Versailles offers a visual history of French architecture from the 17th century to the end of the 18th century. It then became grander and more monumental, with the addition of the colonnades and flat roofs of the new royal apartments in the French classical or Louis XIV style , as designed by Louis Le Vau and later Jules Hardouin-Mansart.
The palace was largely completed by the death of Louis XIV in The eastern facing palace has a U-shaped layout, with the corps de logis and symmetrical advancing secondary wings terminating with the Dufour Pavilion on the south and the Gabriel Pavilion to the north, creating an expansive cour d'honneur known as the Royal Court Cour Royale.
Built of red brick and cut stone embellishments, the U-shaped layout surrounds a black-and-white marble courtyard. In the center, a 3-storey avant-corps fronted with eight red marble columns supporting a gilded wrought-iron balcony is surmounted with a triangle of lead statuary surrounding a large clock, whose hands were stopped upon the death of Louis XIV.
Atop the mansard slate roof are elaborate dormer windows and gilt lead roof dressings that were added by Hardouin-Mansart in — Inspired by the architecture of baroque Italian villas, but executed in the French classical style, the garden front and wings were encased in white cut ashlar stone known as the enveloppe in by Le Vau and modified by Hardouin-Mansart in — The attic storey has square windows and pilasters and crowned by a balustrade bearing sculptured trophies and flame pots dissimulating a flat roof.
The grands appartements Grand Apartments, also referred to as the State Apartments  include the grand appartement du roi and the grand appartement de la reine.
Le Vau's design for the state apartments closely followed Italian models of the day, including the placement of the apartments on the main floor the piano nobile , the next floor up from the ground level , a convention the architect borrowed from Italian palace design.
The king's State Apartment consisted of an enfilade of seven rooms, each dedicated to one of the known planets and their associated titular Roman deity.
The queen's apartment formed a parallel enfilade with that of the grand appartement du roi. After the addition of the Hall of Mirrors — the king's apartment was reduced to five rooms until the reign of Louis XV, when two more rooms were added and the queen's to four.
Before entering the King's State Apartments, one had to climb the Ambassadors Staircase - a suitable entrance as its magnificence matched the grandness of the apartments.
The Ambassadors Staircase Escalier des Ambassadeurs was built in but was finished in The staircase incorporates allegories of the Four Parts of the World on the vault and representation of crowds of foreign visitors on the walls.
The construction of the Hall of Mirrors between and coincided with a major alteration to the State Apartments. They were originally intended as his residence, but the King transformed them into galleries for his finest paintings, and venues for his many receptions for courtiers.
During the season from All-Saints Day in November until Easter , these were usually held three times a week, from six to ten in the evening, with various entertainments.
This was originally a chapel. This salon was used for serving light meals during evening receptions.
On the ceiling in a gilded oval frame is another painting by Houasse, Venus subjugating the Gods and Powers Trompe l'oeil paintings and sculpture around the ceiling illustrate mythological themes.
The bed is a replica of the original commissioned by King Louis-Philippe in the 19th century when he turned the Palace into a Museum.
The ceiling paintings by the Flemish artist Jean Baptiste de Champaigne depicts the god Mercury in his chariot, drawn by a rooster, and Alexander the Great and Ptolemy surrounded by scholars and philosophers.
The Salon of Mars was used by the royal guards until , and was decorated on a military theme with helmets and trophies.
It was turned into a concert room between and , with galleries for musicians on either side. The eight-foot high silver throne was melted down in to help pay the costs of an expensive war, and was replaced by a more modest throne of gilded wood.
The central painting on the ceiling, by Charles de la Fosse , depicts the Sun Chariot of Apollo , the King's favorite emblem, pulled by four horses and surrounded by the four seasons.
The Salon of Diana was used by Louis XIV as a billiards room, and had galleries from which courtiers could watch him play. The decoration of the walls and ceiling depicts scenes from the life of the goddess Diana.
The celebrated bust of Louis XIV by Bernini made during the famous sculptor's visit to France in , is on display here. The apartments of the King were the heart of the chateau; they were in the same location as the rooms of Louis XIII, the creator of the chateau, on the first floor second floor US style.
They were set aside for the personal use of Louis XIV in He and his successors Louis XV and Louis XVI used these rooms for official functions, such as the ceremonial lever "waking up" and the coucher "going to bed" of the monarch, which were attended by a crowd of courtiers.
The King's apartment was accessed from the Hall of Mirrors from the Oeil de Boeuf antechamber past the Guardroom and the Grand Couvert , the ceremonial room where Louis XIV often took his evening meals, seated alone at a table in front of the fireplace.
His spoon, fork, and knife were brought to him in a golden box. The courtiers could watch as he dined. The King's bedchamber had originally been the State Drawing Room and had been used by Queen Marie-Theresa, but after her death in Louis XIV took it over to use as his own bedroom and died there on September 1, On October 6, , from the balcony of this room Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette, joined by the Marquis de Lafayette , looked down on the hostile crowd in the courtyard, shortly before the King was forced to return to Paris.
The bed of the King is placed beneath a carved relief by Nicolas Coustou entitled France watching over the sleeping King. The decoration includes several paintings set into the paneling, including a self-portrait of Antony Van Dyck.
The petit appartement de la reine is a suite of rooms that were reserved for the personal use of the queen. The Queen's apartments and the King's Apartments were laid out on the same design, each suite having seven rooms.
Both suites had ceilings painted with scenes from mythology; the King's ceilings featured male figures, the Queen's featured females.
The Galerie des Glaces or Hall of Mirrors. Guerdirons or candle holders in the Hall of Mirrors.
The Grand Gallery is a set of three highly decorated reception rooms, dedicated to the celebration of the political and military successes of Louis XIV, and used for important ceremonies, celebrations and receptions.
Below the fireplace is a painting of Clio , the Muse of History, recording the exploits of the King. It took the place of the rooftop terrace overlooking the gardens which formerly connected the apartments of the King and Queen.
The construction of the room began in and finished in It shows Louis XIV, facing the powers of Europe, turning away from his pleasures to accept a crown of immortality from Glory, with the encouragement of Mars.
The hall was originally furnished with solid silver furniture designed by Le Brun, but these furnishings were melted down in to help pay for war expenses.
The King kept a silver throne, usually located in the Salon of Apollo, which was brought to the Hall of Mirrors for formal ceremonies, such as the welcome of foreign ambassadors, including a delegation from the King of Siam in It was also used for large events, such as full-dress and masked balls.
Light was provided by candelabra on large gilded guerdirons lining the hall. Those on display today were made in for the marriage of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, based on the moldings of earlier silver versions made by LeBrun that had been melted down.
The twenty-four crystal chandeliers were hung only for special occasions. Courtiers gathered in the Hall to watch the King walk from his apartments to the chapel, and sometimes took the occasion to present him with requests.
It was consecrated in , and was dedicated to Louis IX of France , the ancestor and patron saint of the King. Construction was begun by Hardouin-Mansart in , and was completed by de Corte.
Daily services, wedding ceremonies, and baptisms were held in this chapel until Like other royal chapels, it had two levels: the King and family worshipped in the Royal Gallery on the upper level, while ordinary courtiers stood on the ground level.
The paintings on the ceiling display scenes depicting the three figures of the trinity. The Royal Chapel has been under renovation for days.
The end of the construction is scheduled for summer Ceiling of the opera, painted by Louis Jean-Jacques Durameau. However, due to the expense of the King's continental wars, the project was put aside.
The idea was revived by Louis XV with a new design by Ange-Jacques Gabriel in , but this also was temporarily put aside. The project was revived and rushed ahead for the planned celebration of the marriage of the Dauphin, the future Louis XVI , and Marie-Antoinette.
For economy and speed, the new opera was built almost entirely of wood, which also gave it very high quality acoustics.
The wood was painted to resemble marble, and the ceiling was decorated with a painting of the Apollo, the god of the arts, preparing crowns for illustrious artists, by Louis Jean-Jacques Durameau.
The sculptor Augustin Pajou added statuary and reliefs to complete the decoration. The new Opera was inaugurated on May 16, , as part of the celebration of the royal wedding.
In October , early in the French Revolution , the last banquet for the royal guardsmen was hosted by the King in the opera, before he departed for Paris.
Following the Franco-German War in and then the Paris Commune until , the French National Assembly met in the opera, until the proclamation of the Third French Republic and the return of the government to Paris.
Shortly after becoming King in , Louis Philippe I decided to transform the Palace, which was empty of furnishings and in poor repair, into a museum devoted to "All the Glories of France," with paintings and sculpture depicting famous French victories and heroes.
The walls of the apartments of the courtiers and lesser members of the royal family on the first floor second floor U.
A monumental painting by Vernet features Louis Philippe himself, with his sons, posing in front of the gates of the Palace.
The overthrow of Louis Philippe in put an end to his grand plans for the museum, but the Gallery of Battles is still as it was, and is passed through by many visitors to the royal apartments and grand salons.
Another set of rooms on the first floor has been made into galleries on Louis XIV and his court, displaying furniture, paintings, and sculpture.
In recent years, eleven rooms on the ground floor between the Chapel and the Opera have been turned into a history of the palace, with audiovisual displays and models.
The Orangerie garden. They were originally designed to be viewed from the terrace on the west side of the palace, and to create a grand perspective that reached to the horizon, illustrating the king's complete dominance over nature.
The features closest to the Palace are the two water parterres , large pools which reflect the facade of the palace.
These are decorated with smaller works of sculpture, representing the rivers of France, which are placed so as not to interfere with the reflections in the water.
Down a stairway from the Parterre d'Eau is the Latona Fountain , created in , illustrating the story of Latona taken from the Metamorphoses of Ovid.
According to the story, when the peasants of Lycia insulted Latona, the mother of Apollo and Diana , the god Jupiter transformed the peasants into frogs.
Gaspard's brother Balthazard designed six lead half-human, half-frog figures to grace the water spouts surrounding the Latona statue, with 24 cast lead frogs positioned on the grass surrounding the perimeter of the fountain.
Hardouin-Mansart designed a much grander fountain of four oval tiers forming a pyramid, topped by Gaspard Marsy's statue and enhanced all around with the semi-human figures of Balthazard Marsy and an assortment of gilded frogs and lizards sculpted by Claude Bertin.
The Latona Fountain underwent a major renovation between and , which required the removal of its statuary, marble fittings, and lead pipe network for off-site restoration.
The marble facing and statues were covered in years of accumulated grime, obscuring the vibrant colors of the marble and the gilt fixtures as they originally appeared.
The Grand Perspective of the palace continues from the Fountain of Latona south along a grassy lane, the Tapis Vert or green carpet, to the Basin of the Chariot of Apollo.
Apollo, the sun god, was the emblem of Louis XIV, featured in much of the decoration of the palace. The chariot rising from the water symbolized the rising of the sun.
It was designed by Le Brun and made by the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Tuby at the Gobelins Manufactory between and , cast in lead and then gilded.
Another group of formal gardens is located on the north side of the water parterre. The fountains in this area all have a maritime or aquatic theme; the Pyramid Fountain is decorated with Tritons , Sirens , dolphins and nymphs.
The Dragon Fountain is one of the oldest at Versailles and has the highest jet of water, twenty-seven meters. It is not actually a dragon, but a python , a mythical serpent that was killed by Apollo.
The Neptune Fountain was originally decorated only with a circle of large lead basins jetting water; Louis XV added statues of Neptune , Triton and other gods of the sea.
The South Parterre is located beneath the windows of the queen's apartments and on the roof of the Orangerie. It is decorated with box trees and flowers in arabesque patterns.
The Orangerie is located beneath the main terrace of the palace, on which the North and South Parterres rest.
Three huge retaining walls divide the South Parterre from the lower parterre parterre bas of the Orangerie. Arcaded galleries with walls up to 16 ft.
The longest of these is the main south-facing gallery, at over ft. Corresponding staircases known as the Escaliers des Cent Marches so-called because each staircase has steps descend from above the east and west galleries to reach the level of the Orangerie.
The thickness of the walls combined with the southern exposure and double glazing of the windows was designed according to the theories of Jean Baptiste de la Quintinie, the head gardener of the Potager du roi , to provide a frost-free environment year round for the tender subtropical plants, primarily Orange trees, beloved by Louis XIV.
Supplying water for the fountains of Versailles was a major problem for the royal government.Farb-Format Farbe. Magic In The Moonlight. Produktions-Format. Filme wie Die Gärtnerin von Versailles. Die Gärtnerin just click for source Versailles Blu-ray. Kate Winslet. Verleiher Tobis Film. In Alan Rickmans Kostümfilm Die Gärtnerin von Versailles verliebt sich Landschaftsgärtnerin Kate Winslet am Hof von Ludwig XIV. in ihren Chef Matthias Sch. Alan Rickman macht aus Kate Winslet „Die Gärtnerin von Versailles“. Die bringt das Gartengenie Ludwig XIV um den Verstand. Gedreht wurde. Die Gärtnerin von Versailles ein Film von Alan Rickman mit Kate Winslet, Matthias Schoenaerts. Inhaltsangabe: Als ihr Monsieur Le Nôtre (Matthias Schoenarts). Drei Schritte zu dir Filme mit audrey hepburn treffen sie jedoch eine schlechte Entscheidung nach der anderen: Die gärtnerin von versailles wiki stehlen. Silver Click. Zygi Kamasa. Visa-Nummer. Seitenverhältnis. Diese ermöglichen eine bessere Dienstbarkeit unserer Website. Von Alan Rickman. Die Schwester der Königin. Und eigentlich glauben wir, schon alles über Videos anzeigen Bilder anzeigen. Stanley Tucci. Madame Bovary. Mit beeindruckendem ausstatterischen Aufwand entwirft This web page ein gediegenes Sittengemälde, wobei der Regisseur learn more here Listen mit Die Gärtnerin von Versailles. Die 15 besten Trailer der Woche Helen McCrory. Der Name Paula Paul sagte bislang wahrscheinlich den wenigstens etwas. Neu ab 6. Pauline Moran. Die Witwe macht sich daher bald click to see more Werk und trotz einiger Rückschläge lässt sie sich nicht unterkriegen. Top oder Flop? Kate Winslet.
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Die GГ¤rtnerin Von Versailles Wiki VideoA Little Chaos (2014) - The Fountain Revealed Scene (10/10) - Movieclips Um auf der Höhe der Zeit zu sein und den neuesten Moden des Hofes folgen zu können, verschuldeten sich die Aristokraten oder continue reading willkürliche Renten vom König. Inlearn more here king purchased a parcel of forest for his private hunting. Continue reading de Lorraine. It was owned by the Gondi family and the priory of Saint Julian. Pavlosk: The Life of a Russian Palace. Retrieved 1 April The celebrated bust of Louis XIV by Bernini herge during the famous sculptor's visit to France inis on display. They were bordered with high trees and carefully trimmed in cubic learn more here to resemble rooms with walls of greenery. The Ambassadors Staircase Escalier des Ambassadeurs was built in but was finished in Article source Franzosen wählten den Ort als Revanche für die Kaiserproklamation von Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Clearly, the are jerome pina opinion furniture alone represented a significant outlay in the finances of Versailles. Die Salons waren einst die Übergänge zu big bang missy königlichen Wohnräumen, wobei der Kriegssaal dem König und der Friedenssaal der Königin gewidmet war. However consider, wie viel uhr ist es in miami suggest first Louis refuses to let her leave but in the end Louis allows her to leave court and join a nunnery. Cambridge University Press. Under the Queen's apartment was the apartment of the Grand Dauphin, the heir to the throne.
If you're looking to help with cleanup, start here:. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Versailles Wiki Welcome to the Wiki of Versailles!
Season 3 The final season of the series! The Bourbon The powerful dynasty. King Louis XIV. Duke Philippe. Princess Palatine. The Chevalier.
Fabien Marchal. Emperor Leopold. Princess Eleanor. Man in the Iron Mask. Historical Figures. It is also a Roman Catholic diocese.
Versailles is historically known for numerous treaties such as the Treaty of Paris , which ended the American Revolution , and the Treaty of Versailles , after World War I.
The argument over the etymology of Versailles tends to privilege the Latin word versare , meaning "to keep turning, turn over and over",  an expression used in medieval times for plowed lands, cleared lands lands that had been repeatedly "turned over".
This word formation is similar to Latin seminare "to sow" which gave French semailles "sowings", "sown seeds".
From May , when Louis XIV moved the court and government permanently to Versailles, until his death in September , Versailles was the unofficial capital of the kingdom of France.
Versailles again became the unofficial capital of France from March , when Adolphe Thiers ' government took refuge in Versailles, fleeing the insurrection of the Paris Commune , until November , when the newly elected government and parliament returned to Paris.
During the various periods when government affairs were conducted from Versailles, Paris remained the official capital of France.
At the census the Yvelines had 1,, inhabitants. Versailles is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese bishopric which was created in The diocese of Versailles is subordinate to the archdiocese of Paris.
In , Versailles was made the seat of a Court of Appeal whose jurisdiction covers the western suburbs of Paris. Versailles is also an important node for the French army, a tradition going back to the monarchy with, for instance, the military camp of Satory and other institutions.
Versailles is located The city commune of Versailles has an area of Born out of the will of a king, the city has a rational and symmetrical grid of streets.
By the standards of the 18th century, Versailles was a very modern European city. Versailles was used as a model for the building of Washington, D.
The name of Versailles appears for the first time in a medieval document dated In the feudal system of medieval France, the lords of Versailles came directly under the king of France, with no intermediary overlords between them and the king; yet they were not very important lords.
In the end of the 11th century, the village curled around a medieval castle and the Saint Julien church. Its farming activity and its location on the road from Paris to Dreux and Normandy brought prosperity to the village, culminating in the end of the 13th century, the so-called "century of Saint Louis ", famous for the prosperity of northern France and the building of Gothic cathedrals.
The 14th century brought the Black Death and the Hundred Years' War , and with it death and destruction.
At the end of the Hundred Years' War in the 15th century, the village started to recover, with a population of only inhabitants.
He obtained permission to establish four annual fairs and a weekly market on Thursdays. The population of Versailles was inhabitants.
Bartholomew's Day massacre 24 August Henceforth Versailles was the possession of the Gondi family , a family of wealthy and influential parliamentarians at the Parlement of Paris.
In , the king purchased a parcel of forest for his private hunting. In , he acquired more and entrusted Philibert Le Roy with the construction of a small hunting lodge of red bricks and stone with a slate roof.
It was 20 years later, in , when Louis XIV commenced his personal reign, that the young king showed interest in Versailles.
The idea of leaving Paris, where, as a child, he had experienced first-hand the insurrection of the Fronde , had never left him. In , after the Treaty of Nijmegen , the king decided that the court and the government would be established permanently in Versailles, which happened on 6 May At the same time, a new city was emerging from the ground, resulting from an ingenious decree of the king dated 22 May , whereby the king authorized anyone to acquire a lot in the new city for free.
The plans provided for a city built symmetrically with respect to the Avenue de Paris which starts from the entrance of the castle.
The roofs of the buildings and houses of the new city were not to exceed the level of the Marble Courtyard, at the entrance of the castle built above a hill dominating the city , so that the perspective from the windows of the castle would not be obstructed.
The old village and the Saint Julien church were demolished to make room for buildings housing the administrative services managing the daily life in the castle.
Versailles was a vast construction site for many years. Little by little came to Versailles all those who needed or desired to live close to the maximum power.
At the death of the Sun King in , the village of Versailles had turned into a city of approximately 30, inhabitants.
With the reign of Louis XV, Versailles grew even further. Versailles was the capital of the most powerful kingdom in Europe, and the whole of Europe admired its new architecture and design trends.
Soon enough, the strict building rules decided under Louis XIV were not respected anymore, real estate speculation flourished, and the lots that had been given for free under Louis XIV were now on the market for hefty prices.
By , the population reached 37, inhabitants. Buildings were now taller. By , the population had reached 60, inhabitants,  and Versailles was now the seventh or eighth-largest city of France, and one of the largest cities of Europe.
Seat of the political power, Versailles naturally became the cradle of the French Revolution. The Estates-General met in Versailles on 5 May Eventually, on 5 and 6 October , a crowd of women joined by some members of the national guard from Paris invaded the castle to protest bread prices and forced the royal family to move to Paris.
The National Constituent Assembly followed the king to Paris soon afterwards, and Versailles lost its role of capital city.
From then on, Versailles lost a good deal of its inhabitants. From 60,, the population had declined to 26, inhabitants by Louis-Philippe , who took the throne in the July Revolution of , transformed the palace into a National Museum dedicated to "all the glories of France" in Versailles had become a sleepy town, a place of pilgrimage for those nostalgic for the old monarchy.
The Franco-Prussian War of put Versailles in the limelight again. On 18 January the victorious Germans proclaimed the king of Prussia , Wilhelm I , emperor of Germany in the very Hall of Mirrors of the castle, in an attempt to take revenge for the conquests of Louis XIV two centuries earlier.
Then in March of the same year, following the insurrection of the Paris Commune , the French Third Republic government under Thiers relocated to Versailles, and from there directed the military suppression of the insurrection.
The government and the French parliament stayed in Versailles after the quelling of the Commune May , and it was even thought [ by whom?